Demography

As per Provisional population figures of 2011 Census, the total no of Mandals/Divisions are : 1.

Label Value Label Value
District Code 31 Short Name FRZ
Area 2406.84 Sq Km No. of Revenue Divisions 1
(Ferozepur Division)
No. of Revenue Sub Divisions
3 No. of Tehsils 3
(0 Rural + 0 Urban)
No. of Blocks 6
(0 Rural + 0 Urban)
No. of Assembly Constituencies
4
No. of Villages 689 No. of Revenue Villages 641
No. of Gram Panchayats
(Villages Councils)
767 No. of Taluka Panchayats
(Blocks Councils)
6
No. of Nagar Panchayats
(Municipal Councils)
8
(Guru Harsahai, Ferozepur City,
Ferozepur Cantt, Mamdot,
Mudki, Zira, Talwandi Bhai,
Makhu)
No. of Municipal Corporations 0
Panchayati Raj Institution
Operating at the district Level
Zila Parishad
Literacy Rate 95% (as per census-2011) Vehicle Registration No. PB-05

The total geographical area of the district is 5303 sq. km out of which 3258.78 sq. km fall under Bet area and 196.63 sq. km fall under Border area. The topography of the district is even. It is a plane of alluvial formation sloping gently [at] 2ft. per mile form the North East to the South West. The district is divided into three main belts running somewhat parallel to the course of river Sutlej. On South West side, the bet area called “Hittar” having land alluvial dark and gray clay intermixed with straits of sand. On the South East side, the Rohi and Mukhi Plains have light and sandy soil and brackish water in wells. The district has two types of soil namely chestnut brown (Alluvial)-69% and desert soil (31%)

The District Ferozepur is situated at India Pakistan border, at the east side Faridkot district, Moga district and at the south side Muktsar District is situated. On the north east the River Sutlej generally separates it from the Ferozepur and Kapurthala districts and on the south west side the Fazilka district touches the boundaries of Ferozepur. The united stream of the Sutlej and Beas generally separates it from the Amritsar district in the north-west, and farther down from the Pakistan with the exception of some areas on each side of the river.

District wise and Tehsil wise Rural and Urban Population by Gender  as per census – 2011

Tehsil Rural Urban Total Percentage to total
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total % Rural % Urban
Ferozepur 387130 193761 173369 199727 108423 91304 566857 64.77 35.23
Zira 189871 99185 90686 68364 35816 32548 258235 73.53 26.47
Guruharsahai 159647 83357 76290 17179 9106 8073 176826 90.28 9.72
Total 716648 376303 340345 285270 153345 131925 1001918 71.53 28.47

The climate of Ferozepur district is, on the whole, dry and is characterized by very hot summer, a short rainy season and a bracing with winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from November to March, followed by the summer season which lasts up to about end of June. The period from July to the middle of September constitutes the south-westerly monsoon season. The latter half of September and October may be termed as the post-monsoon or the transition period.

From about the end of March, the temperature increases rapidly till June which is generally the hottest month and on individual days, the maximum temperature may be about 47’C. However, with the onset of the monsoon by about end of June or early July, there is an appreciable drop in day temperature but the weather remains oppressive due to the increased moisture in July and August. By about the second week of September both day band night temperatures begin to fall, the drop in the night temperature being more than the day temperature. After October, both the day and night temperatures decrease rapidly till January, which happens to be the coldest month when the minimum temperature occasionally drops to about a degree of two below the freezing point of water.

The rainfall in the district generally increases from the south-west towards the north east. About 70 percent of the annual rainfall in the district is received during the period from July to September, July and August being the rainiest months. Some rainfall occurs during the pre-monsoon months, mostly in the form of thunder showers. In the winter season, some rainfall occurs under the influence of westerly disturbances. However, the variation in the rainfall from year to year is large. The following table give monthly rainfall based on average of 10 years, 1991-2000 for the district.